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Keloids! Keloids! Keloids!

What are keloids?

Keloids are benign( noncancerous) fibrous skin tumors. They are mostly common in people with dark skin. Men and women are equally to have keloids.

They are as a result of abnormal wound healing. Normally there is a balance between the production and breakdown of collagen which is a protein that makes up fibres in a skin. When you have a keloid scar the cells in the skin called fibroblasts produce excessive amounts of collagen.

Causes of keloids.

They usually occur at site of a skin damage eg acne,burns, piercings, surgery, tattoos and vaccinations.

Treatment of keloids.

1. Surgery.

It is risky because cutting a keloid can trigger the formation of a similar or even larger keloids. Surgeons achieve success by injecting steroids or applying compression after surgery.

2. Laser.

It is effective in flattening keloids and very safe and not very painful. It requires several treatment sessions.

3. Cryotherapy.

This is the freezing of keloid with liquid nitrogen.

4. Radiation therapy.

Getting radiation therapy after surgical removal of keloid may prevent the keloid from returning. Radiation may also be used alone to shrink the keloid but results tend to better after keloid surgery.

5. Corticosteroid injections.

They are safe but painful. When injected into the keloid they shrink the keloid.Patients usually receive series of injections once every 3-4 weeks.

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