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HEALTH: All about Hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids also called Piles are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum, similar to varicose veins. Hemorrhoids can either be internal or external. Nearly three out of four adults will have hemorrhoids from time to time.

                      Symptoms of Hemorrhoids.

1. External hemorrhoids.

These are under the skin around your anus. Signs and symptoms might include:

1. Bleeding.

2. Swelling around your anus.

3. Pain or discomfort.

4. Itching around your anal area.

2. Internal hemorrhoids.

Internal hemorrhoids lie inside the rectum. You can’t usually see or feel them, and they rarely cause discomfort. But straining or irritation can cause; Painless bleeding during bowel movement or a hemorrhoid to push through the anal opening resulting in pain and irritation.

                       Thrombosed hemorrhoids.

If blood pools in an external hemorrhoid and forms clot it can result in severe pain, swelling and inflammation.

                         Causes of hemorrhoids.

The veins around your anus tend to stretch under pressure and may bulge or swell. Hemorrhoids can develop from increased pressure in the lower rectum due to:

1. Straining during bowel movement.

2. Being obese.

3. Being pregnant.

4. Having anal intercourse.

5. Eating a low fiber diet.

6. Regular heavy lifting.

                                                               Diagnosis of hemorrhoids.

A visual examination of your anus may be enough to diagnose hemorrhoids. To confirm the diagnosis your doctor may do a different examination to check any abnormalities. This check is known as a digital rectal exam.  Depending on your risk factors your doctor may order additional tests like an anoscopy, sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. Each of these tests involves your doctor using a small camera to diagnose abdormalities in your anus, rectum or colon.

                                                                  Treatment of hemorrhoids.

1. Pain relief.

To minimize pain soak in warm tub of water for at least 10minutes every day. You can also sit on a warm water bottle to relieve the pain for external hemorrhoids.

2. Fiber supplements.

If you are constipated you can also use an over the counter fiber supplements to help soften your stool. Two common supplements of this type are psyllium and methylcellulose.

3. Home remedies.

OTC treatments such as hydrocortisone or hemorrhoid cream can ease your discomfort from hemorrhoid.

Soaking your anus in a sitz bath for 10-15 minutes per day may also help. Practice good hygiene by cleaning your anus with warm water during a shower or bath every day.  Do not use soap as it can aggravate hemorrhoid.

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