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All you need to know about hemophilia.

Hemophilia is a rare condition in which your blood does not clot normally because it lacks sufficient blood clotting protein.

If you have hemophilia you may bleed for a longer time after an injury than you would if your blood clotted normally.

Symptoms.

1. Unexplained and excessive bleeding from cuts or injuries or after surgery or dental work.

2. Blood in urine and stool.

3. Nosebleeds without known cause.

4. In infants, unexplained irritability.

5. Unusual bleeding after vaccination.

6. Many large or deep bruises.

Causes.

Inherited through mutation in the x chromosome since males have one x chromosome, they will develop symptoms of hemophilia.

Diagnosis.

Medical history and blood tests are key to diagnosing hemophilia.

A physician will ask about the persons family and personal medical history this can help identify the cause.

A physical exam will be done.

Blood tests can provide information about how long it takes for blood to clot, the levels of clotting factors, if any are missing.

Blood tests can identify the type of hemophilia.

Treatment.

Treated with replacement therapy.

It involves giving or replacing clotting factors that are to low or missing in patient with the condition. Patients receive clotting factors by injection or intravenously.

Your doctor can treat hemophilia A with a prescription hormone. This hormone is called desmopressin, which can be given as an injection into your vein.

Your doctor can treat hemophilia C using plasma infusion. It works to stop profuse bleeding.

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