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All you need to know about eating disorders.

Eating disorders are serious conditions related to persistent eating behaviors that negatively impact your health, emotions and ability to function in important areas of life.

Symptoms.

They vary depending on the type of eating disorder.

Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders are the most common eating disorders.

Anorexia nervosa.

Serious psychological condition and a potentially life threatening eating disorder.

It involves emotional challenges, an unrealistic body image and an exaggerated fear of becoming overweight or obese.

Symptoms include;

1. Severe loss of muscle mass.

2. Littleness, fatigue.

3. Hypothermia.

4. Insomnia.

5. Infertility.

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Bulimia nervosa.

Serious, potentially life threatening eating disorder. People with bulimia may secretly binge eating large amounts of food with loss of control, over eating then purge trying to get rid of the extra calories in an unhealthy way.

Symptoms.

1. Being occupied with your your shape and weight .

2. Fear of gaining weight.

3. Forcing yourself to vomit or exercising too much to keep from gaining weight after Bingeing.

4. Repeated episodes of eating abnormally large amounts of food in one sitting.

5. Fasting, restricting calories or avoiding certain foods.

Binge eating disorder (BED).

Commonly known as compulsive over eating or consuming abnormal amounts of food while feeling unable to stop and a loss of control.

Can lead to being overweight or obesity 

Symptoms include;

1. Continuing eating even when full.

2. Inability to stop eating.

3. Eating normally in the presence of others but gorging when isolated.

4. Feeling of numbness or lack of sensation while bingeing.

Causes of eating disorders.

Scientists cannot say for sure what exactly causes an eating disorder or predict who will develop an eating disorder.

Diagnosis of eating disorders.

1. Physical exam.

Your doctor will examine you to rule out other medical causes for your eating issues.

2. Psychological evaluation.

A doctor or mental health professional will likely ask about your thoughts, feelings and eating habits.

3. Other studies.

Additional tests may be done to check for any complications related to your eating disorder.

Treatment.

1. Psychotherapy.

Type of individual counseling that focuses on changing the thinking and behavior of a person with eating disorder.

2. Medications.

Certain anti depressant medications such as selective serotonin re up take inhibitors(SSRIs) to help control anxiety and depression caused by eating disorder.

3. Nutrition counselling.

Designed to teach healthy approach to food and weight.

4. Group/family therapy.

Family support is very important to treatment success.

5. Hospitalization.

It might be needed to treat severe weight loss that may have resulted in malnutrition and other serious mental or physical health complications.

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